The ancestors and earliest practitioners of Hoodoo were enslaved African Americans, followed by their descendants and neighbors. Hoodoo has developed a vast arsenal of justice and payback spells, spells intended to create a balance of power, punish victimizers, and protect victims from further victimization. It also empowers the victimized, so that they are able to rise above their situations, restore self-esteem, and create better, happier lives for themselves. The spells vary from mild to aggressive, depending on the personal level of justification. A 5 1/4″ x 8 1/2″ paperback book with 288 pages.